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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792A Political History$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001

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The Commonwealth and the Catholic Church in 1788

The Commonwealth and the Catholic Church in 1788

(p.26) (p.27) 1 The Commonwealth and the Catholic Church in 1788
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792

Richard Butterwick

Oxford University Press

The fortunes of the Commonwealth and the Church in the eighteenth century are sketched via the career of Kajetan Sołtyk (1715‐88), successively bishop of Kiev and Cracow, who in 1767 was deported to Russia for his defiance of Catherine II, subsequently became mentally ill, and was controversially confined. The king's brother, Michał Poniatowski, who ran the diocese of Cracow after 1782, sought to unite it with the primacy and archbishopric of Gniezno. The sejmiks of August 1788 encouraged the opposition and worried King Stanisław August. The instructions called for the army to be expanded, and for as much as possible of the burden to be placed on the clergy. This led the papal nuncio Ferdinando Saluzzo and the primate to consider how best to defend the Church at the forthcoming sejm. The instructions are compared with the cahiers de doléances drawn up for the Estates General in France in 1789.

Keywords:   Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth, Catholic Church, Bishop Kajetan Sołtyk, Primate Michał Jerzy Poniatowski, bishopric of Cracow, sejmiks, King Stanisław August Poniatowski, Nuncio Ferdinando Maria Saluzzo, cahiers de doléances, Estates‐General

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