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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792A Political History$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001

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On the brink of schism: August 1789–May 1790

On the brink of schism: August 1789–May 1790

(p.151) 7 On the brink of schism: August 1789–May 1790
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792

Richard Butterwick

Oxford University Press

Schism between the Commonwealth and the Holy See seemed a real possibility in the aftermath of the law Fund for the Army. The tact and dexterity of the nuncio, Ferdinando Saluzzo, bought time for the negotiations between himself, the episcopate, and the sejm's ‘clerical deputation’. These negotiations covered many points at issue between clergy and laity, including residence, surplice fees, and monastic profession, and finally yielded a compromise proposal, whereby the bishops could draw their equalized revenues from landed property rather than in salaries. However, its acceptance by the sejm seemed impossible until the proposer of Fund for the Army, Wojciech Suchodolski, left Warsaw. The reason for his departure yields a vignette of the relationship between a magnate and his client. The chapter also considers religious and ecclesiastical dimensions of other questions discussed by the sejm in 1789‐90: military recruitment, local government, education, towns, and the new form of government.

Keywords:   Four Years' Sejm, Papacy, Catholic Church, ecclesiastical property, bishops, clergy, surplice fees, Nuncio Ferdinando Maria Saluzzo, Wojciech Suchodolski, Hetman Franciszek Ksawery Branicki

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