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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792A Political History$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001

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A limited ecclesiastical reform

A limited ecclesiastical reform

(p.179) 8 A limited ecclesiastical reform
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792

Richard Butterwick

Oxford University Press

In Wojciech Suchodolski's absence, on 25‐26 June 1790 the sejm unanimously altered its earlier law Fund for the Army by enabling bishops to draw their equalized revenues from landed properties (without paying the 20 per cent ‘offering’). After Suchodolski returned, the sejm took three days to decide to incorporate the Duchy of Siewierz, hitherto ruled by the bishops of Cracow, into the Commonwealth. With war looming, ecclesiastical business was suspended with many questions unresolved. Further debates between 22‐29 July yielded the admission of the Uniate metropolitan to the senate, but not the overhaul of the clergy of both rites, or even the Latin‐rite abbeys, demanded by reformers. Without a perceived fiscal imperative or personal intrigue, the regular clergy were left almost intact. The chapter also examines the difficulties that arose in the implementation of the episcopal reforms and compares the outcome to those in Revolutionary France and the Habsburg Monarchy.

Keywords:   Ecclesiastical property, bishops, abbeys, regular clergy, Latin‐rite, Uniates, Duchy of Siewierz, Wojciech Suchodolski, French Revolution, Habsburg Monarchy

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