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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792 – A Political History - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Richard Butterwick


The Polish Revolution cast off the Russian hegemony that had kept the Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth impotent for most of the eighteenth century. Before being overthrown by the armies of Catherine the Great, the Four Years' Sejm (Parliament) of 1788–92 passed wide‐ranging reforms, culminating in Europe's first written constitution on 3 May 1791. In some respects its policies towards the Catholic Church of both rites (Latin and Ruthenian) were more radical than those of Joseph II, and comparable to some of those adopted in the early stages of the French Revolution. These policies included taxat ... More

Keywords: Four Years' Sejm, Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth, Roman Catholic Church, Constitution of 3 May 1791, nobility, clergy, republicanism, monarchy, French Revolution, Joseph II

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Richard Butterwick, author
Senior Lecturer in Polish History, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies