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Expression in SpeechAnalysis and Synthesis$
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Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.001.0001

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Emotion in Speech Synthesis

Emotion in Speech Synthesis

Chapter:
(p.124) Chapter 7 Emotion in Speech Synthesis
Source:
Expression in Speech
Author(s):

Mark Tatham (Contributor Webpage)

Katherine Morton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0008

This chapter emphasizes the notion that human speech is listener-centred; speech is intended to be heard and understood. Adding expressive and emotive content provides the listener with information about the speaker’s identity (gender, age, education, etc.), the speaker’s attitude and feelings toward the listener, and the nature of what is being said. Adding this to synthesis presents problems, including determining the most useful type of synthesizer, incorporating a proposed prosodic wrapper for speech, linking parameters of emotive content with acoustic parameters, and with underlying theory constructs such as category labels or parameters for driving the synthesizer. The relationship between high- and low-level synthesis, and how to incorporate a range of emotive content and voice quality are discussed.

Keywords:   listener-centred, speaker identity, prosodic wrapper, category labels, acoustic parameters, theory constructs, high-level synthesis, low-level synthesis, range of emotive content

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