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Migration and Empire$
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Marjory Harper and Stephen Constantine

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250936

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250936.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 July 2021

Crossing the Atlantic: Migrants and Settlers in Canada

Crossing the Atlantic: Migrants and Settlers in Canada

Chapter:
(p.11) 2 Crossing the Atlantic: Migrants and Settlers in Canada
Source:
Migration and Empire
Author(s):

Marjory Harper

Stephen Constantine

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250936.003.0002

Historic data on the Canadian population reveal the contribution made to its increase by immigration and especially by migrants of English, Irish, Scottish and (to a lesser extent) Welsh origin. Their motives, numbers, destinations, occupations and experiences between c.1815 and the 1960s are analysed. Philanthropists, land speculators and governments were involved in promoting settlement schemes, and their intentions are evaluated. Controversies generated by aided immigration and by the disappointed hopes of immigrants are explained, and Canadian objections to immigrants from inside as well as from outside the UK, including some on racial grounds from within the empire (as from India), are examined. The chapter concludes by scrutinizing the transfer and adaptation in Canada of immigrant identities, and the contribution of immigration to Canadian economic and political development.

Keywords:   Canada, English, First Nations, identities, Irish, land speculators, philanthropy, Scottish, Welsh

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