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Migration and Empire - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Migration and Empire

Marjory Harper and Stephen Constantine


During the nineteenth century, the proportion of UK migrants heading to empire destinations, especially to Canada, Australia and New Zealand, increased substantially and remained high. They included so‐called ‘surplus women’ and ‘children in care’, shipped overseas to ease perceived social problems at home. However, empire migrants also included entrepreneurs and indentured labourers from south Asia, Africa and the Pacific (plus others from the Far East, outside the empire), who relocated in huge numbers with equally transformative effects in, for example, central and southern Africa, the Cari ... More

Keywords: children, dual labour market, empire migration, immigration controls, indentured labourers, New Commonwealth, return migration, women

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2010 Print ISBN-13: 9780199250936
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250936.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Marjory Harper, author
Professor of History, University of Aberdeen

Stephen Constantine, author
Professor of Modern British History, Lancaster University