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Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars$
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John A. Hawkins

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252695

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.001.0001

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More on Form Minimization

More on Form Minimization

(p.63) 4 More on Form Minimization
Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

John A. Hawkins (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The previous chapter defined the principle of Minimize Forms and formulated some form minimization predictions. This chapter is organized as follows. Section 4.1 illustrates and tests these predictions using some of Greenberg’s (1966) markedness hierarchies. Section 4.2 tests the same hierarchies on diachronic data from an evolving language family (Germanic). Section 4.3 considers ‘grammaticalization’ phenomena in relation to MiF and processing. Section 4.4 illustrates the general points made about grammaticalization with a brief case study involving definiteness marking. Section 4.5 considers how forms can be minimized on the basis of processing enrichments through structural parallelism, continuing the general discussion of processing enrichment that was initiated in Section 3.2.3. Section 4.6 considers enrichments made on the basis of dependency assignments. This leads to a discussion of the constituent-command constraint on many dependencies and to a general principle of Conventionalized Dependency.

Keywords:   Greenberg, markedness hierarchies, grammaticalization, Minimize Forms, enrichment, structural parallelism, conventionalized dependency

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