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Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars$
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John A. Hawkins

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252695

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.001.0001

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Adjacency Effects Within Phrases

Adjacency Effects Within Phrases

(p.103) 5 Adjacency Effects Within Phrases
Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

John A. Hawkins (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines patterns of adjacency and relative ordering in performance data and across grammars. The chapter shows that there are clear preferences in the selections that are made from options available in performance, and that the same preferences can be found in the grammatical conventions of languages with fewer options. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 5.1 begins by illustrating some of the predictions made by the principle of Early Immediate Constituents (EIC) for adjacency in performance. This is followed in Section 5.2 by performance data that test the more general hypothesis of (3.4) involving multiple adjacency preferences. These same preferences can be seen in the fixed conventions of grammars: grammaticalized adjacencies predicted by EIC are illustrated in Section 5.3, and grammaticalizations of multiple adjacency preferences in Section 5.4. Some competitions between domain minimization efficiencies, in different phrases and domains, are then illustrated in Section 5.5.

Keywords:   Early Immediate Constituents, multiple preferences, adjacency, grammars, fixed conventions

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