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Intellectual VirtuePerspectives from Ethics and Epistemology$
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Michael DePaul and Linda Zagzebski

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252732

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.001.0001

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Intellectual Virtue: Emotions, Luck, and the Ancients

Intellectual Virtue: Emotions, Luck, and the Ancients

(p.34) 2 Intellectual Virtue: Emotions, Luck, and the Ancients
Intellectual Virtue

Nancy Sherman (Contributor Webpage)

Heath White

Oxford University Press

This chapter defends an Aristotelian position which says that because emotions are not entirely voluntary and inextricably influence one's belief-forming processes, it does not follow that one is not responsible for the kind of beliefs one forms. Drawing from the work of Aristotle and the Stoics, it provides insight into the cognitive core of emotions, thereby offering ways in which emotions can be revised. Because emotions are central components to one's cognitive character, sages can develop them so as to enable accurate judgments of appearances. The chapter also contrasts the differences between Aristotle and the Stoics relative to the relations between virtue, luck, happiness, and knowledge. It argues that because cognitive virtues are sufficient for getting the truth (according to Stoics), but are denied by virtually all (modern epistemologists) because of luck's pervasive influence, the amount of harmony between virtue ethics and virtue epistemology will be limited.

Keywords:   Aristotle, emotions, happiness, knowledge, luck, responsibility, sage, Nancy Sherman, Stoics, Heath White

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