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The Internet GalaxyReflections on the Internet, Business, and Society$
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Manuel Castells

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199255771

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.001.0001

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The Culture of the Internet

The Culture of the Internet

(p.36) Chapter 2 The Culture of the Internet
The Internet Galaxy

Manuel Castells

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with the culture of the producers and users at the source of the Internet’s creation and configuration. It notes that culture means a set of values and beliefs informing behaviour, thus, repetitive patterns of behaviour generate customs that are enforced by institutions, as well as by informal organizations. It discusses that the Internet culture is characterized by a four-layer structure — the techno-meritocratic culture, the hacker culture, the virtual communitarian culture, and the entrepreneurial culture. It highlights the direct link between the cultural expressions and the technological development of the Internet. It explains that open source software is the key technological feature in the development of the Internet, and this openness is culturally determined.

Keywords:   Internet culture, techno-meritocratic culture, hacker culture, virtual communitarian culture, entrepreneurial culture, technological development, open source software

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