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Environmental Governance in EuropeAn Ever Closer Ecological Union?$
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Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257478

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.001.0001

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National Systems and Multi-Level Governance: Convergence through Compliance?

National Systems and Multi-Level Governance: Convergence through Compliance?

(p.295) 8 National Systems and Multi-Level Governance: Convergence through Compliance?
Environmental Governance in Europe

Albert Weale

Geoffrey Pridham

Michelle Cini

Dimitrios Konstadakopulos

Martin Porter

Brendan Flynn

Oxford University Press

This chapter places national systems in the context of European Union (EU) multi-level environmental governance. The role played by the EU in harmonising, or at least reducing the variation of, national policy strategies and practices, is discussed together with the problems raised by the implementation of EU environmental measures and their associated difficulties of compliance. Understanding of the extent to which international pressures make for convergence among national systems will begin if the circumstances under which countries find it easy or difficult to comply with EU environmental measures are identified. With the issue of compliance, the consideration is primarily with the direct effects of the EU's system of multi-level governance.

Keywords:   European Union, national systems, environmental governance, environmental measures, compliance, implementation

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