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Environmental Governance in EuropeAn Ever Closer Ecological Union?$
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Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257478

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.001.0001

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Convergent and Divergent Trends in European Environmental Policy

Convergent and Divergent Trends in European Environmental Policy

(p.338) 9 Convergent and Divergent Trends in European Environmental Policy
Environmental Governance in Europe

Albert Weale

Geoffrey Pridham

Michelle Cini

Dimitrios Konstadakopulos

Martin Porter

Brendan Flynn

Oxford University Press

In the European Union, the system of environmental governance is both complex and multilevel. Whatever may be emerging at the European level, the member-state level is one that shows tremendous diversity, under the influence of well established historical legacies and highly variable current influences. There are indeed difficulties of generalising across the six countries (Germany, Spain, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom) or of identifying practical rules for the improvement of policy and policy-making. And all this is before considering the genuinely contextual and tacit knowledge on which political decisions are really made. There are also no similarities and common trends across the systems. In this chapter, before looking at the comparative trends, the experience of each country is discussed, even at the risk of riding roughshod over the complexity of domestic politics.

Keywords:   European Union, environmental governance, environmental policy, Germany, Spain, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom

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