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Environmental Governance in EuropeAn Ever Closer Ecological Union?$
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Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257478

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.001.0001

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National Policies on the Environment: Evolution, Principles, and Style

National Policies on the Environment: Evolution, Principles, and Style

Chapter:
(p.150) 5 National Policies on the Environment: Evolution, Principles, and Style
Source:
Environmental Governance in Europe
Author(s):

Albert Weale

Geoffrey Pridham

Michelle Cini

Dimitrios Konstadakopulos

Martin Porter

Brendan Flynn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0008

This chapter compares the environmental policies of six European Union member states (Germany, Spain, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom), sketching the background to the development of environmental policy and setting out the policy principles and policy style characteristic of each country. When referring to policy principles, what is meant here is the basic conceptualisation of environmental policy as encoded in legislation and practice. Although as seen, such principles are often set out at a high level of generality, this does not detract from their importance in defining the content of environmental policy and the policy stances of different countries. By policy styles, what is referred to are the distinctive processes of policy-making within which these principles are worked out. These processes may be consensual or adversarial, reactive or anticipatory, participatory or exclusive.

Keywords:   European Union, environmental policies, legislation, policy-making, Germany, Spain, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom

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