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Alternatives to AthensVarieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece$
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Roger Brock and Stephen Hodkinson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199258109

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258109.001.0001

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Argead and Aetolian Relations with the Delphic Polis in the Late Fourth Century BC

Argead and Aetolian Relations with the Delphic Polis in the Late Fourth Century BC

(p.293) 17 Argead and Aetolian Relations with the Delphic Polis in the Late Fourth Century BC
Alternatives to Athens


Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the position of the Delphic polis in Greek affairs of the 4th century bc, specifically in the years of Alexander of Macedon's sovereignty over the Greeks and during the uncertainty that arose just after his death. It shows a pattern of Delphi extending diplomatic gestures to a seemingly disparate amalgamation of poleis and ethnē during the age of Alexander, all of which were linked to opposition to Macedonian control, to the nearly united front against Antipater fashioned by Athens and Aetolia in the wake of Alexander's death, or to the future of the Hellenic cause after the end of the Lamian War. Further, Delphi's growing relationship with Aetolia, first articulated in 335, may have led to Aetolian efforts to nudge, prod, and support Delphic foreign policy through the granting of proxenic status to further the anti-Macedonian cause. The corpus of Delphic proxeny decrees from the 330s and 320s supports the notion that the polis took a rebellious political stance and scholars should continue the debate on the relative importance of these seemingly banal documents.

Keywords:   Delphic polis, Alexander of Macedon, Delphi, Aetolia

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