Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Customs and Excise – Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845 - Oxford Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

William J. Ashworth


This book traces the growth of customs and excise, and their integral role in shaping the framework of industrial England; including state power, technical advance, and the evolution of a consumer society. Central to this structure was the development of two economies — one legal and one illicit. If there was a unique English pathway of industrialization, it was less a distinct entrepreneurial and techno-centric culture, than one predominantly defined within an institutional framework spearheaded by the excise and a wall of tariffs. This process reached its peak by the end of the 1770s. The st ... More

Keywords: industrial England, state power, technical advance, consumer society, fiscal-military state, industrial policy, William Pitt, illicit economy, new political economy, smugglers' free trade

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2003 Print ISBN-13: 9780199259212
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

William J. Ashworth, author
Lecturer in History, University of Liverpool
Author Webpage

Show Summary Details

subscribe or login to access all content.



Part I Consuming the People

Part II The ‘Devil’s Remedy’

Part III An Impolite and Commercial People: The Common Economy

Part IV ‘Going on the Gauge’: Excise, Fraud, and Production

Part V ‘Ye Judgement of the Gaugers’: Shaping and Regulating the Market

Part VI Dismantling the Fiscal-Military State

End Matter