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Customs and ExciseTrade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845$
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William J. Ashworth

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199259212

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259212.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

Measurement, Instrumentation, and Alcohol Standards

Measurement, Instrumentation, and Alcohol Standards

(p.261) Chapter Fourteen Measurement, Instrumentation, and Alcohol Standards
Customs and Excise


Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the economic implications and impact of the hydrometer can only be understood by examining the work that went into making it robust and trusted. The focus is on the impact of gauging by this instrument on the constitution and production of spirits. The story of the development and adoption of the hydrometer by the Board of Excise reveals that instruments designed for economic purposes are not unproblematic and need to be considered along with traditional factors such as the profundity of political debates, government policies, the actions of interest groups, and the pattern of social relations when accounting for social, economic, or technological change.

Keywords:   excise tax, taxation, hydrometer, instruments, measurement, Board of Excise

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