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LanfrancScholar, Monk, Archbishop$
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H. E. J. Cowdrey

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199259601

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.001.0001

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The Monastic Order

The Monastic Order

(p.149) 11 The Monastic Order


Oxford University Press

When Lanfranc became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1070, he had some two-and-a-half decades of monastic life behind him. Lanfranc's episcopal model, for himself as a monk and for others who shared his pastoral care, was that of a monk-bishop who, according to his circumstances, combined the qualities of the cloister with those requisite for his wider responsibility. Lanfranc exhibited a combination of severity arising from an insistence upon authority and obedience with a pastoral care for the duly subject which arose from mercy and charity. This chapter examines Lanfranc's monastic order, his reforming of monastic life at Christ Church, his dealings with three abbeys (St. Albans, Bury St. Edmunds, and St. Augustine's at Canterbury), the body of legislation that he provided in his monastic constitutions, and his propagation of and provision for cathedral and episcopal monasteries.

Keywords:   Lanfranc, monastic order, Christ Church, Canterbury, monasteries, abbeys, monastic constitutions, severity, mercy

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