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LanfrancScholar, Monk, Archbishop$
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H. E. J. Cowdrey

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199259601

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.001.0001

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Service Outside the Cloister, c.1042–1070

Service Outside the Cloister, c.1042–1070

(p.29) 3 Service Outside the Cloister, c.1042–1070


Oxford University Press

William II, Duke of Normandy, succeeded to the Duchy of Normandy in 1035 as a boy aged only some 7 years. Some features of the Norman church under Duke William are particularly relevant when considering the position of Lanfranc. One was the series of church councils which were held in the Duchy, perhaps beginning in 1042. There can be no doubt that both contemporary and later sources understate Lanfranc's contacts and association during his monastic years with the reform papacy which was ushered in by the Emperor Henry III's intervention at Rome in 1046 and especially by the energetic pontificate of Leo IX (1049-1054). All the evidence suggests that Lanfranc was to the core a man of the early reform papacy from Pope Leo IX to Pope Alexander II. He knew and was known by its leading Roman personalities, sharing their principles and purposes.

Keywords:   Lanfranc, Normandy, Duke William, reform papacy, church councils, Pope Leo IX, Norman church, duchy

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