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From Conflict to Recovery in Africa$
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Tony Addison

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261031

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Building New States: Lessons from Eritrea

Building New States: Lessons from Eritrea

(p.188) (p.189) 12 Building New States: Lessons from Eritrea
From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

GÖte Hansson

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the building of political institutions in Eritrea after formal independence was declared on 1993. It discusses two agendas which the new state faced: first, transforming the political apparatus of the national liberation struggle into a set of political institutions suitable to peacetime politics; second, creating the economic strategies and institutions necessary to transform the Derg's economic legacy. Considerable progress was made in the first years of independence but in May 1998 a border conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a war that continued until the cease-fire of June 2000. This chapter discusses the economic roots of the war as its social and economic impact. It concludes by noting the dangers that the 1998–2000 war poses to the creation of a development state in both Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Keywords:   Eritrea, economic strategies, Derg, Ethiopia, war

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