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From Conflict to Recovery in Africa$
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Tony Addison

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261031

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.001.0001

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Displaced Communities and the Reconstruction of Livelihoods in Eritrea

Displaced Communities and the Reconstruction of Livelihoods in Eritrea

(p.73) 5 Displaced Communities and the Reconstruction of Livelihoods in Eritrea
From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Gaim Kibreab

Oxford University Press

This chapter assesses the resettlement process in Eritrea. It examines the basic features of the process, contrasting those who received help with those who settled themselves without much assistance. The chapter then describes the critical role of access to land and common property resources, and discusses the environmental dimensions of resettlement and government land-tenure interventions. It also highlights the central role played by social capital developed during the thirty-year liberation war in easing settlement and then examines the state capacity in the resettlement process. The chapter concludes that resettlement was facilitated by effective public administration, unity of purpose, robust social capital, receptive communities, and a system of property rights that was supportive.

Keywords:   resettlement, Eritrea, land, property resources, land-tenure interventions, liberation war

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