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Spies in UniformBritish Military and Naval Intelligence on the Eve of the First World War$
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Matthew S. Seligmann

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261505

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261505.001.0001

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Spies in Uniform: British Service Attachés as Intelligence-Gatherers

Spies in Uniform: British Service Attachés as Intelligence-Gatherers

(p.75) 2 Spies in Uniform: British Service Attachés as Intelligence-Gatherers
Spies in Uniform

Matthew S. Seligmann (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the different ways in which service attachés obtained the information they needed. British attachés were not allowed to undertake covert operations themselves and therefore had to rely upon other means. For the most part they obtained the material they needed from discussions with well informed individuals, such as German officers, officials, industrialists, bankers, or even royalty. Indeed, human intelligence (humint) of all types was vital to their work. So, too, was open source intelligence (osint) from German newspapers, periodicals and books. Finally, a lot of information was obtained from visual reconnaissance. Attachés were often invited to manoeuvres or to visit factories, exhibitions and parades and they always reported what they saw. They also travelled round the country and were able to pick up much information by doing so.

Keywords:   intelligence, human intelligence, open source intelligence, visual reconnaissance

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