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Daniel Defoe: Master of FictionsHis Life and Works$
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Maximillian E. Novak

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261543

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261543.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

After the Revolution

After the Revolution

(p.11) 1 After the Revolution
Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions

Maximillian E. Novak

Oxford University Press

Daniel Defoe was born in 1660, the year of the Restoration of Charles II to the throne of England. For Presbyterians such as Daniel’s parents, James and Alice Foe, the Restoration was a time of moral corruption and religious persecution. What Michael Walzer depicts as the deflation of spirit that assailed those who had supported Parliament in its war against the Stuart monarchy was very much part of the milieu into which Defoe was born. He came into the world after the revolution — after the time of great deeds, of victories on the field of battle and victories of the spirit. That his true greatness for posterity would depend on his talents as a writer of fiction — as the author of Robinson Crusoe, Moll Flanders, A Journal of the Plague Year, and Roxana — might have come as a mild surprise. It was also during this tumultuous period that Defoe wrote his brilliant poetic attack against the idea of racial purity, The True-Born Englishman.

Keywords:   Daniel Defoe, Restoration, England, revolution, fiction, The True-Born Englishman, religious persecution, Charles II, Presbyterians, monarchy

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