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Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome$
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Jonathan Edmondson, Steve Mason, and James Rives

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199262120

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262120.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2021

The Fiscus Iudaicus and Gentile Attitudes to Judaism in Flavian Rome

The Fiscus Iudaicus and Gentile Attitudes to Judaism in Flavian Rome

(p.167) 8 The Fiscus Iudaicus and Gentile Attitudes to Judaism in Flavian Rome
Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome

Martin Goodman (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The disappearance of the Jerusalem Temple provided a context for Vespasian to devise what became for Jews the most hated symbol of their subjugation to Rome following their revolt. The institution of the ‘Jewish Treasury’ (the fiscus Iudaicus) to support the cult of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitol served to commemorate the Flavian victory in Judaea just as effectively as the monuments erected in Rome that recalled that event. Domitian was particularly punctilious in collecting this tax, thus associating himself by proxy with the campaigns his father and older brother had waged, but from which he had been excluded. Indeed, for Goodman one of the defining features of the Flavian dynasty was its hostility to Jews. Later on, some coins issued in 96 and 97 (FISCI IUDAICI CALUMNIA SUBLATA) may refer to a temporary abolition by Nerva of the fiscus Iudaicus.

Keywords:   Flavian emperors, Flavian policy, Jews, Flavian victory, Judaea, Temple of Jerusalem, Nerva, T. Flavius Clemens, Flavia Domitilla

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