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The Worlds of Aulus Gellius$
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Leofranc Holford-Strevens and Amiel Vardi

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199264827

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264827.001.0001

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Bilingualism and Biculturalism in Antonine Rome *

Bilingualism and Biculturalism in Antonine Rome *

Apuleius, Fronto, and Gellius

(p.3) 1 Bilingualism and Biculturalism in Antonine Rome *
The Worlds of Aulus Gellius

Simon Swain

Oxford University Press

Having considered the Romans' relationship with Greek culture from Cicero by way of the Elder Seneca, Quintilian, the Younger Pliny, and Suetonius down to Apuleius, in particular, the implications of code-switching and the linguistic annexation that made Greek a resource for the improvement of Latin and a mark of superior Roman education, the chapter turns to the specific cases of Fronto, in whom Greek negotiates social complications (as in the correspondence with Marcus, does the language of love), particularly between superior and inferior, and of Gellius, who is far more relaxed about Greek discourse and ready to admit that Latin cannot always compete, but brings out cases where it does. Moreover, he expects a Roman to be master of the latter, his own language, as well as Greek. Finally, these authors' practice in respect of Greek is compared with those of Tertullian, Aelian, and Ulpian.

Keywords:   Cicero, Elder Seneca, Quintilian, Younger Pliny, Apuleius, code-switching, Fronto, social complications, Tertullian, Aelian

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