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The Measure of MultitudePopulation in Medieval Thought$
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Peter Biller

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199265596

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265596.001.0001

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Avoidance of Offspring (II): Canon Law and Sentences Commentaries

Avoidance of Offspring (II): Canon Law and Sentences Commentaries

(p.158) 7 Avoidance of Offspring (II): Canon Law and Sentences Commentaries
The Measure of Multitude

Peter Biller

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the large collections of canon lawyers and the Sentences commentaries of the academic theologians. Canon-law books were used in the schools of canon law, where they were the subject matter of lectures and the object of glosses and commentaries. These books had been studied and learnt by the practising lawyers, and they were supposed to be consulted by judges in marriage courts, alongside ‘men learned in law’. The milestones among these books were Gratian's Decretum of around 1140 and Gregory IX's Five Books of the Decretals of 1234. As the theology of the schools emerges in the early 12th century the theme is already there. Compiled around 1120, the Sententie Magistri A contains a selection of passages from Augustine forming the links in a chain of reflections on the theology of marriage, and its three goods, including offspring.

Keywords:   canon law, lawyers, Sentence commentaries, medieval texts

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