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Stephen Yablo

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199266487

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.001.0001

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Identity, Essence, and Indiscernibility

Identity, Essence, and Indiscernibility

(p.13) 1 Identity, Essence, and Indiscernibility

Stephen Yablo (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

What Kripke calls the ‘dark doctrine of a relation of contingent identity’ appears to violate Leibniz's Law. If x and y are identical, they share all their properties; since x has the property of necessary identity with x, y must have this property as well. But this is a paradoxical result. The statue and its clay clearly stand in some intimate identity-like relation. If the relation is not contingent identity, what is it? This chapter attempts an answer. So-called contingent identicals are ‘coincident’; they may have different transworld careers, but in this world they are just alike.

Keywords:   identity, modality, possible worlds, coincidence, essence, causation, material constitution, composition, properties

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