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Democracy in EuropeThe EU and National Polities$
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Vivien A. Schmidt

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199266975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.001.0001

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The European Union and National Institutions

The European Union and National Institutions

Chapter:
(p.46) 2 The European Union and National Institutions
Source:
Democracy in Europe
Author(s):

Vivien A. Schmidt (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0003

The chapter begins with a brief discussion of EU institutional structures in comparison with national institutional structures. It then examines the EU’s comparative effects on unitary, regionalized, and federal member-states by considering in turn its impact on national executives, parliaments, subnational authorities, and courts. It follows with a more detailed exploration of the EU’s effects on four countries: France, Britain, Germany, and Italy. Although Europeanization has been more disruptive to the unitary structures of France than to those of Britain, Britain has had a harder time accepting EU-related changes and yet has had a better compliance record. And despite the fact that Europeanization has been least disruptive to Germany’s federal structures and most reinforcing to the regionalized structures of Italy, Germany’s compliance record is little better than that of France, while Italy’s is the worst.

Keywords:   EU, institutional structures, France, Britain, Germany, Italy, Europeanization

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