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Wisdom, Politics, and HistoriographyTractate Avot in the Context of the Graeco-Roman Near East$
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Amram Tropper

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267125

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267125.001.0001

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Avot in the Light of Classical Roman Jurisprudence

Avot in the Light of Classical Roman Jurisprudence

(p.189) 7 Avot in the Light of Classical Roman Jurisprudence
Wisdom, Politics, and Historiography

Amram Tropper

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates some comparable themes in the contemporary sphere of the Roman law. It considers some salient features of the Roman setting and their relevance to Avot. The presence of Roman legal jurisdiction and Greek-speaking lawyers in the Near East indicates that the fundamentals of Roman law were probably well known throughout the Graeco-Roman environment in Palestine. The Roman legal context of the second and third centuries illuminates numerous facets of the broad historical setting of Avot. The similar interests and emerging prominence of rabbis and eastern juries apparently reflected overarching trends of the time. Meanwhile, the educational function of the Institutes, the Enchiridion, and the Regulae Iuris highlights the textbook nature of the Mishnah and Avot's role as a text to be internalized at all levels of study.

Keywords:   Roman jurisprudence, Tannaim, Roman law, Roman legal literature, Institutes, Palestine, Enchiridion, Regulae Iuris

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