This chapter tries to give an account of necessary and sufficient conditions of true freedom of action, of true or ultimate responsibility, even while acknowledging that such ultimate responsibility is impossible, because one of the conditions — being causa sui, or absolutely self-originating — is unfulfillable. The chapter considers various forms of the ‘able-to-choose’ condition on freedom, and summarizes the seemingly paradoxical claim that one of the conditions of truly free action is believing that you are free.
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