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Spying on ScienceWestern Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961$
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Paul Maddrell

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.001.0001

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The Years of the Germans

(p.289) Conclusion
Spying on Science

Paul Maddrell

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the increased suspicion of British and Americans and the effect on the character of their containment policy by the threat posed by Stalin's arms build-up. It adds that the West's demand for more intelligence on the Soviet build-up and decision to induce the defection of East German scientific workers so as to deny them to their rival resulted in the exploitation of the scientific returnees of the 1950s. It assumes that the defectors reduced the scientific potential available. It explains that a mass of intelligence was acquired from refugees about the activities of factories and research institutes, particularly their production, and that it was used for embargo. It adds that mass flight caused serious damage to East German research and development and supplied the west with sources who reported on its difficulties. It explains that refugee interrogation was a great technique of obtaining information.

Keywords:   containment policy, Stalin, defection, research and development, scientific workers, embargo, refugee, Dragon Return, mass flight

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