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Spying on ScienceWestern Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961$
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Paul Maddrell

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.001.0001

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Mass Espionage: Western Spying in Germany 1945–61

Mass Espionage: Western Spying in Germany 1945–61

(p.119) 5 Mass Espionage: Western Spying in Germany 1945–61
Spying on Science

Paul Maddrell

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses that traditional espionage using human spies peaked in Germany in the years 1945-1961. It explains two goals in conducting espionage in East Germany: to provide warning of any attack on Western Europe by the Soviet army, and to use the DDR's (Deutsche Demokratische Republik) connections with the Soviet Union to penetrate the latter. It also discusses the large programmes of arrests carried out by the Stasi of large numbers of Western spies and anti-Communist resistance fighters. It explains that despite losing many of its sources, the CIA claims that it achieved great success in Germany that resulted from the number of their spies and the depth of their penetration of East Germany's ministries, factories, political parties, armed forces, and Western services. It adds that the open border in Berlin allowed the Western secret services to fully exploit flight from the SED regime and resistance to it.

Keywords:   Firework, Arrow, Lightning, DDR, mass espionage, spying, 1945-1961, arrest, Stasi

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