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Spying on ScienceWestern Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961$
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Paul Maddrell

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.001.0001

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The Inducement of Defection

The Inducement of Defection

(p.176) 7 The Inducement of Defection
Spying on Science

Paul Maddrell

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by discussing that until the mid-1950s, the principal targets of induced defection were the scientists, engineers, and technicians deported to the Soviet Union in the years 1945-8 who were returned to their homeland between 1949 and 1958 in a series of transports that the SED officials who met them called the Spezialistenaktionen. It explains that in order to avoid defection, the Soviets adopted a policy of bribing the returnees to remain in the DDR and this was a job for the East German government. It adds that the government prized the returnees' skills by giving them lavish provisions. This chapter also discusses that defection was induced as a means of obtaining intelligence and diminishing scientific potential. It reveals the main target of the secret services was to recruit all skilled people working in the science and industry by putting more effort into induced defection.

Keywords:   induced defection, scientists, engineers, technicians, industry, Spezialistenaktionen, bribery, provisions, skilled people

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