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Spying on ScienceWestern Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961$
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Paul Maddrell

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Operation ‘Dragon Return’

Operation ‘Dragon Return’

(p.205) 8 Operation ‘Dragon Return’
Spying on Science

Paul Maddrell

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the significant role played by the returnees from the USSR in Western intelligence collection. It adds that the returnees were valued sources because little other intelligence was being acquired on weapons research, development, and production in the USSR in the 1950s. It then explains that the lack of information lead to the underestimation of Soviet progress. It also talks about the exploitation of German scientific workers in the USSR. It suggests that the value of information obtained was diminished by three factors: the tendency of the Soviet system to bad organization; the limited role given to the Germans even when they were seen as having a role to play; and the security measures taken to prevent them from acquiring intelligence of value to the West. It discusses that the atomic returnees were the most valuable collection of informants; among them were former members of the Riehl Group.

Keywords:   Dragon Return, returnees, scientific workers, atomic returnees, Riehl Group, Radio counter-measures

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