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Human Rights and the End of EmpireBritain and the Genesis of the European Convention$
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A. W Brian Simpson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267897

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267897.001.0001

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Ratification and its Consequences

Ratification and its Consequences

(p.808) 16 Ratification and its Consequences
Human Rights and the End of Empire


Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the rejection of the proposal by Gladwyn Jebb that the UK should now take no further part in the United Nations negotiations, and describes the US change of policy, provoked by the proposed Bricker amendment to the US constitution, which led the US to give up its leading role in human rights protection. It described the decision to extend the European Convention, but not its First Protocol, to the colonial empire, at a time when there had arisen a number of colonial insurrections, most notably in Malaya, Cyprus, and Kenya, where its provisions could not be fully implemented. It gives an account of the processes whereby, as colonies became independent, bills of rights came to be incorporated in some of their constitutions, dealing in particular with the Sudan, Ghana, Nigeria and Malaya, and with the Radcliffe proposals for Cyprus.

Keywords:   Gladwyn Jebb, Bricker, extension, insurrections, Malaya, Cyprus, Kenya, independence, Sudan, Ghana

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