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Human Rights and the End of EmpireBritain and the Genesis of the European Convention$
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A. W Brian Simpson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267897

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267897.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

The International Protection of Individual Rights Before 1939

The International Protection of Individual Rights Before 1939

(p.91) 3 The International Protection of Individual Rights Before 1939
Human Rights and the End of Empire


Oxford University Press

In 1939, there existed at the international level no universal or regional arrangements protecting individuals against their own governments. This chapter traces the institutions and arrangements which did then exist: the antecedents to the rise of international human rights protection. These included the right of humanitarian intervention, the embryonic humanitarian law of war, the notion of international personal responsibility for war crimes, the movement to suppress the slave trade, and the system of protection for minorities, originally under the capitulations, and later under treaties. It includes an account of minority protection under the League of Nations, and of the elaborate system established temporarily for Upper Silesia.

Keywords:   humanitarian intervention, law of war, war crimes, slave trade, capitulations, minorities, League of Nations, Upper Silesia

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