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Human Rights and the End of EmpireBritain and the Genesis of the European Convention$
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A. W Brian Simpson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267897

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267897.001.0001

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The Ideological Response to War: Codes of Human Rights

The Ideological Response to War: Codes of Human Rights

(p.157) 4 The Ideological Response to War: Codes of Human Rights
Human Rights and the End of Empire


Oxford University Press

This chapter describes how the protection of human rights came, during World War II, to feature in schemes for creating a new world order, encouraging the drafting of comprehensive codes of rights to be protected. It considers the role of the British and American governments in this development, giving accounts both of private initiatives, such as that of H. G. Wells, and official contributions, as in the Atlantic Charter and United Nations Declaration. It describes the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, and the processes which led to the establishment of the United Nations, and the idea that it should be concerned with the international protection of human rights in the post war world. It examines the resulting expansion of the boundaries of international law at the expense of protected domestic jurisdiction.

Keywords:   new world order, codes of rights, H. G. Wells, Atlantic Charter, United Nations Declaration, Dumbarton Oaks Conference, United Nations, boundaries of international law, domestic jurisdiction

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