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Food, Economics, and Health$
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Alok Bhargava

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199269143

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.001.0001

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Fertility, child mortality and economic development

Fertility, child mortality and economic development

(p.90) 5 Fertility, child mortality and economic development
Food, Economics, and Health

Alok Bhargava

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews diverse literature to highlight the importance of demographic factors for economic development. Section 5.1 begins by pointing out methodological difficulties in using anthropometric indicators such as children's heights and weights for investigating possible discrimination against girls. Section 5.2 discusses the proximate determinants of child mortality using cross-country data at the national level. Section 5.3 addresses conceptual issues in the analysis of household-level demographic data and presents findings for the proximate determinants of infant mortality using the NFHS-1 data from Uttar Pradesh, which is the most populous Indian state. Section 5.4 addresses conceptual issues in modeling the proximate determinants of fertility, emphasizing the role of public and private health care providers.

Keywords:   demographic factors, economic development, children, infant mortality, India, fertility

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