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Luxury and Public HappinessPolitical Economy in the Italian Enlightenment$
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Till Wahnbaeck

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199269839

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269839.001.0001

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Lombardy: Enlightenment from Above and from Within

Lombardy: Enlightenment from Above and from Within

(p.139) 7 Lombardy: Enlightenment from Above and from Within
Luxury and Public Happiness


Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by discussing the factors that caused the reforms that occurred in Lombardy. It then narrates that most of the reforms were decided upon in Vienna or by the imperial officers in Milan. It explains that the Lombard elite held important positions in the state of Milan from which the influence could be exerted. It shows how the new rulers first drew upon the old to participate with their traditional training in jurisprudence. By demonstrating the case of Pietro Verri and his father, Gabriele, this chapter explains that the newcomers had to fight against the old ones in order to establish themselves, and the struggle was as much a discontinuity in government participation as a break between generations. It also discusses that the Il Caffè became the voice of enlightenment. It describes Lombardy's optimism regarding agricultural economy and the ruralisation of industry and manufacture.

Keywords:   reform, Lombardy, enlightenment, Milan, Pietro Verri, Gabriele Verri, jurisprudence, agricultural economy, ruralisation

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