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Jurists UprootedGerman-Speaking Emigré Lawyers in Twentieth Century Britain$
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Jack Beatson and Reinhard Zimmermann

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199270583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270583.001.0001

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Fritz Schulz (1879–1957)

Fritz Schulz (1879–1957)

Chapter:
(p.105) Fritz Schulz (1879–1957)
Source:
Jurists Uprooted
Author(s):

Wolfgang Ernst

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270583.003.0003

Fritz Schulz (1879–1957) was one of the most successful Roman law scholars in Germany when the Nazi rule ended his career in 1933. Forced into early retirement, he and his wife held out in Germany until 1939, when they escaped first to Leiden (The Netherlands) and then, by a narrow margin, to Oxford. There the family was kept afloat by a patchwork of support, coming mainly from Oxford University Press, whose Kenneth Sisam unlocked funds of the American Rockefeller Foundation for a full range of outstanding émigré scholars, from Balliol College and friends like F. A. Mann. Free from professorial duties, Schulz wrote two remarkable books, widely translated and reprinted ever since. He was the first to understand the Roman lawyers' writings as expressions of a professional, ‘scientific’ activity, opening up Roman law as a field for the study of history of science.

Keywords:   Fritz Heinrich Schulz, Germany, Roman law, Emil Seckel, immigration, émigré scholars, lawyers, persecution

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