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The Existence of God$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199271672

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.001.0001

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Teleological Arguments

Teleological Arguments

(p.153) 8 Teleological Arguments
The Existence of God

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

One form of the teleological argument (or argument from design) claims that since it is moderately probable that God will make humans, it is moderately probable that he will make a universe subject to simple laws of nature, for only so can humans make differences to each other and the world. The other form of the argument claims that if God is to make humans, he must make a universe ‘fine-tuned’ to bring about human bodies. So the hypothesis of theism leads us to expect a universe governed by simple laws which are such as, together with the boundary conditions of the universe, to bring about humans. All this would be extremely improbable if there were no God.

Keywords:   laws of nature, fine-tuning, humans, Hume, D teleological argument

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