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Culture and European Union Law$
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Rachael Craufurd Smith

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275472

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275472.001.0001

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Community Intervention in the Cultural Field: Continuity or Change?

Community Intervention in the Cultural Field: Continuity or Change?

(p.18) (p.19) 2 Community Intervention in the Cultural Field: Continuity or Change?
Culture and European Union Law

Rachael Craufurd Smith

Oxford University Press

The original draft of the European Economic Treaty in 1957 presented only two Articles regarding the possibility of incorporating cultural affairs into matters of Community competence — Article 131 EEC, which promotes how ‘cultural development’ may be achieved through Community association with various third countries, and Article 36 EEC, which attempts to protect a wide variety of ‘national treasures’ through imposing restrictions on both exports and imports. Only after thirty-five years was the European Union able to include the development of Member States' cultures in the Community's activities. This led to the addition of Article 151, which is specifically concerned with culture and heritage conservation. This chapter studies how Community institutions dealt with cultural policy issues before the establishment of Article 151. Also, it looks into the reasons for adopting this Article and how this aids in making future cultural policy.

Keywords:   European Economic Treaty, Article 151, culture, Community activities, heritage conservation, cultural policy

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