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Culture and European Union Law$
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Rachael Craufurd Smith

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275472

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275472.001.0001

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European Community Law and the Cultural Aspects of Television

European Community Law and the Cultural Aspects of Television

(p.168) (p.169) 6 European Community Law and the Cultural Aspects of Television
Culture and European Union Law

Joshua Holmes

Oxford University Press

Though monopoly is no longer dominant in Europe, private broadcasters in the television sector are still subject to heavy measures of regulation, while public operators still receive large amounts of subsidies from the state due to the fact that the television sector plays no small part in European culture. Because television is often associated with ‘the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity’, and because of the intensive efforts this sector has received in terms of both time in consumption and resources in production, television could be considered as Europe's fundamental cultural medium. Since culture may also be defined as a society's shared understandings and practices, television is believed to influence the development and transmission of culture. This chapter looks into television regulation exhibited through the EC Treaty's ‘economic’ rules on audio-visual policy, regulatory arrangements, and subsidy schemes and Community support programmes for television production.

Keywords:   television, regulation, subsidy schemes, Community support programmes, television production, culture, cultural medium, EC Treaty, audio-visual policy

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