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From Underdogs to Tigers – The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel - Oxford Scholarship Online
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From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella


In 1980, the Indian software industry was practically non-existent. By the 1990s, the industry was one of the largest employers in manufacturing. Similar patterns of growth can be found in other emerging economies. Given that the software industry is commonly viewed as a high-tech industry, how is it that such spectacular growth has occurred in countries where high-tech industries would not seem likely to develop? This book examines the reasons behind this phenomenon, and asks whether it suggests a new model of economic development. The contributors explore the implications of the rise of thes ... More

Keywords: software, Indian economy, Brazil, China, Ireland, Israel, high-tech industry, global industry, human capital, economic growth

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780199275601
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ashish Arora, editor
Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Heinz School, Carnegie Mellon University
Author Webpage

Alfonso Gambardella, editor
Professor of Economics and Management, Laboratory of Economics and Management, Sant' Anna School of Advanced Studies
Author Webpage

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1 Introduction

Ashish Arora, and Alfonso Gambardella


5 The Brazilian Software Industry

Antonio J. Junqueira Botelho, Giancarlo Stefanuto, and Francisco Veloso

6 The Chinese Software Industry

Ted Tschang, and Lan Xue


8 The Role of the Multinational Companies

Marco Giarratana, Alessandro Pagano, and Salvatore Torrisi

10 Bridging the Gap: Conclusions

Ashish Arora, and Alfonso Gambardella

End Matter