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From Underdogs to TigersThe Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel$
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Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275601

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.001.0001

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Bridging the Gap: Conclusions

Bridging the Gap: Conclusions

(p.275) 10 Bridging the Gap: Conclusions
From Underdogs to Tigers

Ashish Arora (Contributor Webpage)

Alfonso Gambardella (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes what is common and what is not in the experiences of the individual countries studied. It develops an interpretive framework for understanding the growth of the software industry in these countries, and attempts to distill the lessons that others can learn. What stands out in this story is the role of human capital and human capital flows, and the role of those flows in opening these countries to the outside world. The least appreciated aspect of the growth of the software in the 3Is has been the role of entrepreneurship and the development of firm level capabilities.

Keywords:   human capital, openness, diaspora, entrepreneurship, first mover advantage, firm capability

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