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Accessing KantA relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason$
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Jay F. Rosenberg

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 March 2021

Reason in Conflict with Itself: A Brief Look at the Antinomies

Reason in Conflict with Itself: A Brief Look at the Antinomies

Chapter:
(p.269) 13 Reason in Conflict with Itself: A Brief Look at the Antinomies
Source:
Accessing Kant
Author(s):

Jay F. Rosenberg

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0014

This chapter discusses the Paralogisms that are fallacious categorical syllogisms and purports to ground a discipline of ‘rational psychology’ dealing with the unconditioned unity of the subjective conditions of all representations. The enumeration of world-concepts, or ‘system of cosmological ideas’ will consequently have four main headings, each corresponding to the system of categories. The relationship between conditions and consequences is possible, but the converse is not true. In regard to a given condition, conditions are regarded as already presupposed and given along with the conditioned. Reason thus demands an ‘ascent’ to the absolutely unconditioned, but is noncommittal regarding whether one reaches a corresponding ‘totality’ in ‘descending’ from conditions to consequences. Immortality is thus a rationally admissible postulate of practical reason and a legitimate object of hope just as this is also Kant's stance with respect to the other two necessary postulates of pure practical reason as well. If, despite the inability of speculative philosophical reasoning demonstratively to establish them, the Theses of the Third and Fourth Antimonies, in contrast to those of the First and Second, might be true.

Keywords:   paralogism, syllogism, rational psychology, cosmological ideas, immortality, postulates

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