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Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913$
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Oliver Grant

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199276561

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.001.0001

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Migration and Urban Labour Markets

Migration and Urban Labour Markets

(p.253) 8 Migration and Urban Labour Markets
Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913


Oxford University Press

In 1870-1913, there were important changes in the corporate structure and financial system which enabled industry to draw upon savings from outside the limited group of industrial capitalists, and their families and friends, which had often been the main source of finance for new industrial projects in the early part of the century. The ‘labour surplus’ phase of industrial development was brought to an end as much by this as by changes within agriculture or the different phases of the demographic transition. This chapter considers the pace of change, paying special attention to the role of the financial markets. It also considers the impacts of migration on urban labour conditions: the extent to which it stabilized urban markets (reducing registered unemployment), the effect on wage variations, the effect of skill transfers, and the impact on the relative position of women.

Keywords:   migration, labour conditions, financial markets, urban labour

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