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Human Rights Conditionality in the EU's International Agreements - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Human Rights Conditionality in the EU's International Agreements

Lorand Bartels


Since the early 1990s, the European Union has included human rights conditionality clauses in its association agreements and other international trade and cooperation agreements. The purpose of these clauses is to entitle a party to take appropriate measures, including suspension of the agreement, in the event that the other party violates human rights or democratic principles. This book provides an account of the evolution of these clauses, their scope, and their operation, and analyses the EU's responsibility, under international law, to implement these clauses domestically. Based on this ex ... More

Keywords: European Union, human rights, conditionality, international trade, international law, ultra vires, external relations, EU, constitutional law, agreements

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780199277193
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277193.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lorand Bartels, author
Lecturer in International Economic Law, University of Edinburgh