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Media and the Making of Modern GermanyMass Communications, Society, and Politics from the Empire to the Third Reich$

Corey Ross

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199278213

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278213.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.  Subscriber: null; date: 27 October 2020

(p.417) Index

(p.417) Index

Source:
Media and the Making of Modern Germany
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
12‐Uhr‐Blatt 143
8‐Uhr‐Blatt 143, 146
Adorno, Theodor 110
advertising:
1850 reforms 22
as source of newspaper revenue 22–4, 176
and reformist efforts 101–4
and ‘rationalization’ 104–5
advertising psychology 216–22
and political propaganda 210–22 passim, 308–11
and American influence 216–17, 325–30
under Nazis 325–30
AEG 289
Albers, Hans 272, 290
All Quiet on the Western Front 80, 158, 242
Allgemeine Anzeigen GmbH 176
Allgemeiner Wegweiser 149
Allotria 314
Altertum Kredit‐AG 176
Amann, Max 239, 268, 293, 363
‘Amann decrees’ 299
‘Americanization’ 5, 244
and press 142, 146
and film 110–12, 160, 314–15
and advertising 216–17, 326–30
and music 48–50 see also jazz
amusement tax 70, 83, 96, 184
Angriff 4, 143, 180, 240–1, 244, 299
Anna Karenina 273
Anschütz, Ottomar 34
anti‐Semitism 4, 270–3, 288–91, 313–14, 372–3, 387
Anti‐Socialist Laws 32, 194, 196
Arbeiter‐Illustrierte‐Zeitung 236, 324
Arbeiter‐Radio‐Bund 96, 183
Armstrong, Louis 336
Association for Social Policy 88
Association of German Advertisers 210, 216, 252, 326
Association of German Magazine Publishers 324
Association of German Newspaper Publishers 32, 293, 299
Association of German Vetting Commissions for Youth Publications 66–7
Atlantis 107
Auslands GmbH 176
Autorenfilme 107–8
Ayer & Son 216
Bach, Johann S. 156, 332, 374
Balázs, Béla 55, 220
Bassermann, Albert 107
Battleship Potemkin 80, 158, 242, 273
Baum, Alfred 290
Bäumer, Gertrud 253
Bausback, Ferdinand 109
BBC 97, 359
Beethoven, Ludwig van 48–9, 94–5, 332–3
Behne, Adolf 109, 111
Ben Hur 159, 164
Benjamin, Walter 110, 191–2, 222
Berg, Alban 291
Berger, Ludwig 109
Bergmann, Ingrid 314
Berliner Arbeiter‐Zeitung 240
Berliner Funkstunde 115, 133, 155, 280
Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung 30, 34, 147, 149, 164, 220, 325, 362, 364
Berliner Morgenpost 27, 145, 148–9, 179, 299
Berliner Nachtausgabe 143, 180, 241, 299
Berliner Tageblatt 23–7, 74, 146, 149, 175, 198, 296
Berliner Zeitung 24
Berliner, Emil 45
Berliner‐Lokal‐Anzeiger 23–7, 149, 176, 198, 299
Berliner‐Morgen‐Zeitung 23
Berlin—Sinfonie einer Großstadt 108
Bernays, Edward 217, 219, 224
Bernhard, Lucian 101, 103
Best, Werner 226
Bierbaum, Otto Julius 37
Bischoff, Fritz Walter 112
Bismarck 352
Blatt der Hausfrau 324
Blauer Montag 339
Blutmai 1929 237
Bofinger, Alfred 114, 154, 282
Bosch, Robert 103
Bourdieu, Pierre 170, 382
branding:
and political propaganda 220–2, 243–5, 256
and Führer cult 308–11 see also Domizlaff, Hans
Bredow, Hans 84–5, 93–5, 183, 280, 282
Breslau 124, 152, 339, 377
Breslauer Neueste Nachrichten 33
(p.418) broadcasting see radio
Broadway Melody of 1936 278, 336
Bromberg 371
Bronner, Arnold 113
Brose, Hanns W. 217
Brüning, Heinrich 248, 250–1, 255
Brunner, Karl 67–73, 89
Buck Rogers 278
Bufa (Bild‐ und Filmamt) 91, 203, 230
Bulcke, Carl 81
Bunte Stunde (variety show) 338
Burchartz, Max 106
Butting, Max 155
BZ am Mittag 3, 26, 99, 143, 149, 299
Café Schottenhaml 184
Capra, Frank 314
Carl Lindström 98–9, 289
Carl Peters 352
Cavell, Edith 200
Central Agency for the Fight Against Obscene Images 65
Central Agency for the Fight Against Trashy Literature 65
Central Agency for Workers' Welfare Facilities 88
Central Association for the Welfare of the Labouring Classes 88
Central Office for Foreign Affairs (Zentralstelle für Auslandsdienst) 200–1, 212
Centre Party 33, 65, 77, 148, 196, 206, 255
Chakotin, Sergei 254–6
Chamberlain, Houston Stewart 332
Chaplin, Charlie 3–5, 111, 159, 161, 164
Chemnitz 350
Chéret, Jules 101
Chief Vetting Agency 81
Christian Periodical League 197
cinema:
early development 34–44
itinerant 35, 124
Ladenkino 38
aversion towards 52–7 passim, 126, 317
audience composition 122–8, 316–21
conversion to sound film 170–4, 275–6
wartime shortage 370–1
Jewish Filmbühne 313
importing of foreign films 72, 172, 278, 314–15 see also Hollywood
‘Auslandsfilme’ 314
Cologne 23–4, 138, 148, 157–8, 167–8
bombing of 353, 369, 387
Colonial Society 197
colportage 20, 23, 27, 65–6
Combat League for German Culture 268, 335, 385
Communist Party (KPD):
and cinema 110, 237–8
party press 144–7, 179–80, 236
electoral propaganda 235–8, 243
Connor, Herbert 48
Conservative Party 197
Courths‐Mahler, Hedwig 158
Crawford, Joan 315
Criminal‐Reporter 28
Cultural League of German Jews 294
Cürlis, Hans 91
CV‐Zeitung 294
DACHO 272
Dagover, Lil 272
Daheim 27
Daily Telegraph Affair 196
Danzig 157–8, 377
Das Flötenkonzert von Sanssouci 80, 173, 242
Das fremde Mädchen 107
Das Kabinett des Dr Caligari 108
Das kulturpolitische Archiv 288
Das Reich 359, 362–3, 387
Das schwarze Korps 288
Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs 90
Davidson, Paul 38
‘Day of National Labour’ (1 May) 331
‘Day of Potsdam’ (21 Mar. 1933) 309
‘Degenerate Music’ Exhibition 290
de Man, Henrik 254
Dehmel, Richard 67
Delphi 184
Der Andere 107
Der Blaufuchs 290
Der Deutsche 299
Der frohe Samstagnachmittag 339
Der große König 352
Der Heimatdienst 232
Der Kongreß tanzt 290, 318
Der lebende Leichnam 237
Der letzte Mann 108
Der Mittag 143
Der Rebell 273
Der Schild 294
Der Student von Prag 107
Der Stürmer 240
(p.419) Der weiße Traum 353, 370
Deutelmoser, Erhard 202–3, 207, 225
Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung 99, 228, 233, 251, 293
Deutsche Bioscope 203
Deutsche Frau 149
Deutsche Grammophon 99, 131, 289
Deutsche Hochschule für Politik 212
Deutsche Lichtbild Gesellschaft (Deulig) 203
Deutsche Reichs‐Korrespondenz 176
Deutsche Welle (see also Deutschlandsender) 84, 139, 229, 284
Deutsche Zeitung 179
Deutscher Kleinempfänger (German Mini‐Receiver) 284
Deutsches Nachrichtenbüro 296
Deutschlandsender (see also Deutsche Welle) 284, 286, 359
Die Dame 149, 324
Die drei von der Tankstelle 318
Die Entlassung 353
Die Feuerzangenbowle 354, 370
Die Frau meiner Träume 353
Die freudlose Gasse 108
Die Gartenlaube 27, 149
Die goldene Stadt 353
Die große Liebe 352–3, 368–9, 372, 387
Die Nibelungen 273
Die Rothschilds 352
Die Tat 149
Die vier Gesellen 314
Die Woche 30, 149, 362
Dietrich, Otto 268, 293, 321, 360, 362
dime novels (Groschenhefte) 66, 73
Dirnentragödie 108
Döblin, Alfred 56, 113–14
documentary films 90–1, 108, 160, 203, 237
as portion of production under Nazis 351
wartime military documentaries 348–9
collapsing credibility of 375
Domizlaff, Hans 220–3, 306
Dopolavoro (It) 388
Dortmunder Zeitung 299
Dovifat, Emil 179, 205
Dradag (Drahtloser Dienst) 84, 280
Dreßler‐Andreß, Horst 282
Dreizehn Mann und eine Kanone 344
Dresden 24, 45, 51, 69, 166, 252, 349
Dudow, Slatan 237
Dupont, E. A. 109
Dürer‐Bund 101
Düsseldorf 124, 143, 146, 158–9, 290, 319
Düsseldorfer Neueste Nachrichten 27
Düsseldorfer Volksparole 299
Düsseldorfter Nachrichten 299
Ebert, Friedrich 26, 230
Edison, Thomas 34, 44
Editors Law 293
education films (Lehrfilme) 90–1
Eggebrecht, Axel 313
Eisenstein, Sergei 80, 242, 273
elections:
presidential 254–5, 308
Reichstag 178–83 passim, 196–8, 238–40, 249–59 passim, 280
March 1933 267–8, 281, 330
Electrola 99, 289
Emelka 122, 160, 167
government ownership of 231, 246
Engelhardt, Viktor 182
Engl, Adolf 272
Erhard, Ludwig 328
Erkelenz, Anton 233
Erwin, Wasey & Co. 216
Erzberger, Matthias 85, 200
Fairbanks, Douglas 111
Fanck, Arnold 90
Fatherland League 197
Feldzug in Polen 348–9
Femina 185
Feuchtwanger, Leon 352
Feuertaufe 349
Field Press Office 202
Filmkreditbank 273–4
‘flag dispute’ 211, 233
Flaherty, Robert 90
Flesch, Hans 154, 250, 280
Fliegende Blätter 30
Flirt 28
Forst, Willi 312, 314
Frankfurt am Main 38, 159, 294, 347
Frankfurt an der Oder 83
Frankfurter Zeitung 31, 228, 259, 275, 296
Fränkische Tageszeitung 307
Franz Eher Verlag 239, 241, 293
Frauen sind doch die bessere Diplomaten 353
Frick, Wilhelm 281, 335
Fridericus Rex 158
Friedrich Schiller 352
Fritsch, Willy 272, 312
Froehlich, Carl 272, 314
Fronttheater 369
Führer cult 308–11
Fürs Haus 149
Fürtwangler, Wilhelm 335
Garbo, Greta 159, 161, 273, 296
Gärtner, Rolf 92
Gaufilmstellen 277, 319
Gaupp, Robert 57
(p.420) Gebühr, Otto 242, 272
Generalanzeiger 23–8
Generalanzeiger der Stadt Köln 24
Generalanzeiger für Hamburg‐Altona 26
Generalanzeiger für Leipzig und Umgebung 26
German Advertising Council 326
German Dance and Entertainment Orchestra 360
German Democratic Party (DDP) 177–8, 231, 233, 253
German National People’s Party (DNVP) 148, 177, 180, 241, 280
German People’s Party (DVP) 148, 177–8
German Press Association 293–4
German Weekly Service (Deutscher Wochendienst) 362
Girardet, Wilhelm 24, 26
Gish, Lilian 111
Glasmeier, Heinrich 333
Glückskinder 312, 314
Goebbels, Joseph (see also Reich Propaganda Ministry:)
and pre‐1933 propaganda 241–5, 259
and establishment of RMVP 268
and Reich Chamber of Culture 268–9
philosophy of propaganda 305–7
views on entertainment 331–5, 347
and wartime propaganda 346–51, 359–61, 368–79
Goedecke, Heinz 358
Gold Rush 159, 164
Göring, Hermann 268, 281, 293
Görres, Joseph 21
GPU 352
gramophone:
expansion of 44–5
aversion towards 46–9
and dance craze 50–1
and music reform efforts 98–100
and musical traditions 49–52 see also jazz, RMVP, Great Depression
Graveure, Louis 314
Great Depression:
and cinema attendance 170, 172, 271
and radio expansion 134
and press circulation 175, 297
and recording industry 97, 130, 133
Große Freiheit Nr.∼7 290
Groener, Wilhelm 280
Grothe, Franz 360, 368
Growald, Ernst 101, 106, 245, 256
Grzesinski, Albert 246–7
Habermas, Jürgen 163
Hackebeils Illustrierte 149
Hadamovsky, Eugen 282, 330, 333, 335
Haentzschel, Georg 360
Häfker, Hermann 69, 90
Hagemann, Carl 94, 154
Hallische Neueste Nachrichten 33
Hamburg 24, 45, 51, 67, 124, 137, 148, 159, 294, 314
Hamburger 8‐Uhr‐Abendblatt 143
Hamburger Anzeiger 148
Hamburger Echo 148
Hamburger Fremdenblatt 148
Hammann, Otto 196
Handel, Friedrich 332
Hanover 45
Hans Westmar 311
Harlan, Veit 376
Hartlaub, Georg Friedrich 105
Harvey, Lilian 312, 314
Haubach, Theo 254
Hauptmann, Carl 108
Hauptmann, Gerhart 107
Haus Vaterland 184
Hausfrau 149
Hausmusik 51–2
Heesters, Johannes 314
Heine, Thomas Theodor 101
Heine, Wolfgang 78
Helm, Clementine 66
Herold Verlagsanstalt 300
Heuss, Theodor 89, 103, 249, 363
Hindemith, Paul 291
Hinkel, Hans 360, 369
Hippler, Fritz 348, 352, 354, 391
Historisch‐politische Blätter 149
Hitler Youth 269, 344
Hitlerjunge Quex 311
hit songs:
aversion towards 48–50, 385
and radio programme 50, 95, 152–5, 334
and early recording technology 131
sound film hits 290, 369–72
‘optimistic’ hits 368–9
Hochland 149
Höcker, Oskar 66
Hoffmann, Heinrich 309
Hoffmannsthal, Hugo 107
Hohlwein, Ludwig 103
Hollywood (see also cinema: importing of foreign films):
as challenge to German cinema 108, 110–12
as offence to conventional morality 159
and sound film 172
and German émigrés 272
Nazi film and 314–16, 385–6
Horkheimer, Max 110
Horst Wessel Song 307, 311
Huck, August 24, 177–8
(p.421) Hugenberg, Alfred:
establishment of media empire 175–7
and film industry 203, 231
press owned by 148, 179–80, 228, 241, 296, 300
as Economics Minister 268, 272
Humperdinck, Engelbert 51
Ich glaub’ nie mehr an eine Frau 290
Ihering, Herbert 111, 113
Illustrierter Beobachter 239, 324–5, 372
Imperial League Against Social Democracy 197
inflation 48, 74–6, 105, 110, 126–7
Ins dritte Reich 254
Institute for Economic Psychology (Institut für Wirtschaftspsychologie) 215
Institute for Economic Research 326
Institute for Film Research 319
Institute for Market Research 326
insurance newspapers 24, 26
Interior Ministry 77–8, 84–5, 242, 246–7, 279–81
International Workers’ Aid Organization (see Münzenberg, Willi)
Iron Front 254
J. Walter Thompson Company 148–9, 216
Jäckh, Ernst 200, 212
Jannings, Emil 109, 111, 159, 272
Jary, Michael 368
jazz:
and recording industry 47–50
and radio programming 95
under National Socialism 269, 291, 335–6, 359–61, 385
Johnsen, Oswald 272
Jolowicz, Ernst 93
Jud Süß 352
Jüdische Rundschau 294
Jüdisches Nachrichtenblatt 294
Jutzi, Phil 108, 237
Kaiser Wilhelm I 36
Kaiser Wilhelm II 36, 71, 199, 202
Kamaraden auf See 344
Kampf um Berlin 242, 254
Kampf um die Erde 242
Kasack, Hermann 114
Kautio Treuhand GmbH 277, 296–7
Kautsky, Karl 226
Keaton, Buster 111
Kempkes, Adolf 249
Kerr, Alfred 107, 112
Kiepura, Jan 314
Kisch, Egon Erwin 323
Klangfilm GmbH 289
Klein, Fritz 251
Klemperer, Victor 126, 128
Klitzsch, Ludwig 271
Koch, Ludwig 99
Kolberg 376–8
Kollo, Walter 50
Kölner Stadtanzeiger 299
Kölnische Zeitung 24, 148
Kölnische Zeitung 24, 148
König, Theodor 215
Königsberg 124, 138, 377
Korff, Kurt (Karfunkelstein, Kurt) 30, 34
Kosmos Verlag (see Münzenberg, Willi)
Krakow 371
Krauss, Werner 109
Kreuder, Peter 368
Kropff, Hanns 105, 328
Kuhle Wampe oder Wem gehört die Welt? 237
Kunstplakat 101–2, 106
Kunstwart 149
La Ruelle, Joseph 24
Ladies Home Journal 147, 217
Lampe, Felix 79
Lang, Fritz 108–9, 272–3
Lange, Konrad 69, 89–90
Lasswell, Harold 204, 208–9, 211, 257
Laurel and Hardy 315
Law for the Protection of National Symbols 311
Law for the Protection of Young People from Trashy and Smutty Literature 77
Law for the Protection of Young People Regarding Amusements 78
Laws for the Protection of the Republic 229
Le Bon, Gustav 213–14, 219, 221
League of German Girls 270
Leander, Zarah 290, 314, 353, 368
Leber, Julius 254
Lee, Ivy 311
Lehar, Franz 335
Lehnich, Oswald 314
Leipzig 24, 45, 51, 69, 124, 137, 215
Leipziger Illustrierte Zeitung 30
Lemke, Hermann 89
Lex Heinze (1900) 65, 77
Liebelei 107
Liebknecht, Karl 143, 201
Lincke, Paul 50
Lindau, Paul 107
Lippmann, Walter 192, 219
Lissitzky, El 105–6
living standards 126–7, 130, 267, 328
Lord Beaverbrook (Max Aitken) 211
Lord Northcliffe (Alfred Harmsworth) 211
(p.422) Ludendorff, Erich 201–3, 206, 211, 343
Lüders, Marie‐Elisabeth 253
Lumière, August 34
Lumière, Louis 34
Luxemburg, Rosa 143
Madame Dubarry 83
magazines:
general interest 18–21, 27–32, 147, 321
illustrated 28–32, 325
satirical 28
women’s 144–5, 149, 324–5, 362
variety of 149
circulation of 175
and photography 324–5
Nazi control of 362
wartime scarcity of 373
Maisch, Herbert 344
Mann, Heinrich 92
Mann, Thomas 46, 112
Marey, Etienne‐Jules 34, 36
Martin, Paul 312
Maskerade 312
mass psychology 213–22
McCann Co. 216
McLuhan, Marshall 259
Mehring, Walter 112
Mein Kampf 219, 243
Menschen am Sonntag 108
Menschen ohne Vaterland 344
Meshrabpom 237
Messter, Oskar 36
Metro‐Goldwyn‐Mayer 238, 315
Metropolis 108
Meyer, Johannes 344
Mickey Mouse 315
Mierendorff, Carlo 254
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk 95
Moana 90
Moede, Walter 215
Mölders, Werner 359
Mosse, Rudolf 23–4, 176–7
München‐Augsburger Abendzeitung 148
Münchhausen 369
Münchner Illustrierte Presse 149
Münchner Illustrierte Zeitung 30
Münchner Neueste Nachrichten 24, 148, 178, 299
Münchner Zeitung 148, 178
Münsterberg, Hugo 214–15
Münzenberg, Willi:
as communist propagandist 236–7, 344
and Kosmos Verlag 236–7
and International Workers’ Aid Organization 234
and Prometheus Film Co. 237
and Weltfilm GmbH 237
Murnau, F. W. 108–9
music halls (Tingel‐Tangel) 43, 70–1, 73 see also vaudeville
Muthesius, Hermann 103
Mutter Krausens Fahrt ins Glück 108, 237
Mutuum Darlehens‐AG 176
Muybridge, Eadweard 36
Nanook of the North 90
National Liberal Party 196
National Publicity Bureau (UK) 389
nationalization (see public ownership)
naturalism 64, 67
Naumann, Friedrich 103
Navy League 197
Nestriepke, Siegfried 93
Neue Blätter für den Sozialismus 254
Neue Detektiv‐Zeitung 28
Neue Wiener Tageblatt 99
Neueste Mitteilungen 195
‘New Sobriety’ (Neue Sachlichkeit) 105, 235–6
newspapers:
rise of commercial press 20–33
and understanding of journalism 21–2
local papers 147, 297, 300
Jewish press 294
and electoral results 177–8, 180–1
commercial concentration among 174–9, 297–300
industrialist influence on 176–7
Nazi takeover of 292–301
wartime shortage of 373
newsreels:
in early film era 36
in Weimar era 167, 231, 246, 251–2
under National Socialism 313, 316, 345
and outbreak of Second World War 348–51
decreasing credibility of 349–50, 364, 372, 375–6
New York Herald 23
Nick, Edmund 152
Nicolai, Walter 199
Nielsen, Asta 40
‘Night of Broken Glass' (Kristallnacht) 294
Noah’s Ark 159
NORAG 96, 137
Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung 198, 228
‘normality’ (entertainment as symbol of) 6, 75, 302, 314, 370–4
Nosferatu 108
(p.423) Noske, Gustav 76
NSDAP 262–379 passim
and press pre‐1933 239–41
and cinema pre‐1933 241–3
electioneering propaganda 238–46, 258–9
and brand technique 245, 308–11
Office for the NSDAP Press 322
NS‐Frauenwarte 324
Nuremberg 124, 143, 146, 307
Observer 362
Ohm Krüger 352–3
Olympia 312
Olympic Games (1936) 337, 353
Ondra, Anny 314
Operation Barbarossa 360
Oppenheim, Louis 200
Ostwald, Hans 76
Oswald, Richard 109
Our Daily Bread 278
Pabst, G. W. 108, 273, 343
Pan German League 197
Pander, Hans 111
Paradies der Junggesellen 315
Patrioten 344
Paul, Heinz 344
People’s Picture House (Volksfilmbühne) 92
People’s Theatre (Volksbühne) 93
Periodical Service (Zeitschriftendienst) 362, 376
Peterson, Peter 312
Petrovich, Iwan 314
Phoebus 160
Phönix GmbH 300
phonograph see gramophone
photography 30, 146, 192, 324, 326 see also magazines
Piel, Harry 109
Pinthus, Kurt 107, 111
Planck, Max 363
Plenge, Johann 208–9, 211–12, 219, 223
Pommer, Erich 109, 315
Popular Front (Fr) 388
Porter, Cole 336
Posen 371
Postal Ministry 84–5, 139, 280–1, 283
Pour le Mérite 344
press instructions (Presseanweisungen) 295–6
Preussische Jahrbücher 149
printing press 20–1
Prometheus Film Co. (see Münzenberg, Willi)
Provincial‐Correspondenz 195
public ownership:
cinema 82–3
radio 83–6
‘public sphere’ 163
pulp fiction 63–8, 72, 77, 89 see also dime novels, youth protection
Pünder, Hermann 249
Querschnitt 149
Raabe, Peter 335
Raddatz, Carl 353
radio:
management of 83–6, 279–83
prices for 136–40, 283–6, 336
audience composition 136–40, 336–9
availability and reception 136–40, 285–6
collective listening 182–3
political broadcasts 84–5, 281, 330–1, 334, 337
target broadcasts 151–2, 186, 338
Nazi takeover of 279–83
wartime reforms of 358–61
wartime shortage of 370–1
Radio Belgrade 359, 368
radio drama (Hörspiel) 113–14
Rahn, Bruno 108
Rathenau, Walther 85
Räuscher, Josef 280
Red Front Fighters League 254
Redslob, Edwin 233, 253
Reich Association for the Phonographic Trade 99, 133, 286
Reich Broadcasting Corporation (RRG):
establishment of 84–5
Nazi takeover of 281–4, 288
wartime reorganization of 353, 360
Reich Chamber of Culture 268–9
Reich Film Chamber 272–4, 276, 278, 314, 316, 349, 371
Reich Film Law:
(1920) 79, 81, 90
(1934) 274
Reich Music Chamber 287, 335
Reich Musical Inspection Office 290
Reich Press Chamber 293
Reich Press Conference 295
Reich Press Law (1874) 21–2
Reich Press Office 225, 229, 231, 250–1
Reich Propaganda Ministry (RMVP):
establishment of 268
and control over film 271–8, 311–16
and control over press 292–301, 321–5
and control over radio 281–3, 330–9
and recording industry 290–1
and wartime propaganda 353, 368, 373
(p.424) Reich Radio Chamber 283
Reichsbanner 254–5
Reichsverband Deutscher Rundfunkhörer 183, 282
Reichszentrale für Heimatdienst 203, 225, 231–2, 305
Remarque, Erich Maria 80
remilitarisation 295–6
Resi 185
Rheinische Landeszeitung 299
Rheinische Volkspflege 226–7
Rheinische Zeitung 144, 148
Rheinischer Merkur 21
Rheinisch‐Westfälische Zeitung 241
Richter, Theodor 145
Riefenstahl, Leni 311
Ritter, Karl 344
Röhm, Ernst 309
Röhrbach, Paul 200
Rökk, Marika 314
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano 331, 389–90
Rosenberg, Alfred 239, 268, 272, 288, 385
Rote Fahne 145, 180, 235–6
Ruhr dispute 50, 76, 226–8
Ruttmann, Walther 108
Sachplakat 101
San Francisco 315
Sangerhäuser Zeitung 322
Saturday Evening Post 147, 217
Satyr 28
Schacht, Roland 111
Scherl, August 17, 23–4, 27, 176
Scheuermann, Fritz 272
Schiller, Friedrich 67, 113, 332, 352
Schirokauer, Arno 112
Schlesinger, Paul 47
Schmeling, Max 252, 295
Schmitt, Carl 209
Schnitzler, Arthur 107
Scholz, Erich 280
Schönberg, Arnold 291
Schönemann, Friedrich 211
Schubotz, Hermann 229–30
Schultze‐Pfaelzer, Gerhard 180
Schwarze Rosen 315
Schweitzer, Hans (Mjölnir) 239
Schwerdtfeger, Walter 295
Schwitters, Kurt 105
Seeber, Guido 36, 107
sensationalism:
and film 36, 38, 42, 69, 106
and press 142–3, 323, 361–2
and political propaganda 180–1, 235
serialized novels 27, 65, 144, 323, 325, 368
Serrano, Rosita 314
Severing, Carl 231, 246–7, 251, 256
Shirer, William 342
Sieg im Westen 349
Siemens 221, 289
Simmel, Georg 37
Simplicissimus 28, 101
Skladanowsky, Emil 34
Skladanowsky, Max 34
Sklarek scandal 181
slapstick 110, 157, 164
Social Democratic Party (SPD):
party press 144, 147, 177–8
and film 91–3
and radio 96
party propaganda 196–8, 210, 224, 235–6, 254–6
Nazi persecution of 292–3, 297
Society for Consumer Research 326
Sollmann, Wilhelm 144
Sombart, Werner 214
Soviet Union 112, 254
films from 80, 92, 157–8, 236–7, 242, 250, 273
attack on 349, 359–60
Speer, Albert 306, 389
SPIO 271–2, 274, 279
‘spirit of 1914’ 199–203, 306
Spranger, Eduard 363
Staal, Viktor 353
Stahlhelm 4, 230
Stalingrad 364, 368–9, 372
Standarte GmbH 300
Stapel, Wilhelm 94
Stapelfeldt, Kurt 96
Steicher, Julius 240, 307
Stern‐Rubarth, Edgar 207–8, 219, 228
Stinnes, Hugo 176, 228
Stoßtrupp 1917 343
Storck, Karl 132
Strahl, Richard 225
Strasbourg 69
Strasser, Gregor 240, 242, 244, 259, 309
Strasser, Otto 244
Strauss, Richard 335
Streicher, Julius 240, 307
Strength through Joy (KdF) 269, 277, 284, 306–7, 388
Stresemann, Gustav 143, 228, 246, 250
Stuttgart 69, 124, 319
Süddeutsche Monatshefte 149
Sudeten Crisis 342
Sündermann, Helmut 321
Supreme Army Command (OKW) 356, 364, 373, 376, 378
Swing High, Swing Low 336
(p.425) tabloids 143–7
and electoral results 180–1
and NSDAP 235–6, 240
Tage‐Buch 149
Tarde, Gabriel 214
Tauber, Richard 290–1
Telefunken 99, 289, 291
Telegraphen‐Union 175–6, 228, 296–7, 300
Tempo 143, 181, 244
Terra 275, 277
Tobis 275, 277
Tönnies, Ferdinand 214
Toulouse‐Lautrec, Henri de 101
‘Tran und Helle’ films 350
Trevor, Jack 314
Triumph des Willens 311
Trotter, Wilfried 214
Tschichold, Jan 106
Tucholsky, Kurt 41, 192, 220, 230
UFA:
establishment of 91, 203
government ownership of 230
Hugenberg purchase of 231
production during 1920s 160
newsreels 252, 348
and SPIO plan 269–70
and Hollywood 315–16
and commercial concentration 275–7
Uhu 149
Ullstein, Leopold 24
Ullstein publishers:
and early commercial press 10, 15, 24–30 passim
in Weimar era 143, 177–81 passim, 244
forced buyout of 297
under National Socialism 324–5
Ums tägliche Brot 237
Unternehmen Michael 344
Urlaub auf Ehrenwort 344
van de Velde, Henry 103
vaudeville 19, 23, 35–41 passim, 68 see also music halls
VERA Verlagsanstalt GmbH 176
Verräter 344
Völkischer Beobachter 178, 239–40, 273, 294, 299
Volksempfänger (People’s Receiver) 283–6, 288, 336
Volks‐Film‐Verband (VFV) 92
von Bethmann‐Hollweg, Theobald 198, 202
von Bismarck, Otto 195
von Boeckmann, Kurt 154
von Brentano, Bernhard 112
von Bülow, Hans 49
von der Recke, Eberhard Freiherr 196
von Gayl, Erich 255
von Harbou, Thea 273
von Hartungen, Christoph 215
von Hindenburg, Paul 202, 259, 280, 309
presidential campaign for 254–6
von Kupffer, Hugo 23–4
von Moltke, Helmuth 199
von Mumm, Baron Alfons 200
von Nagy, Käthe 314
von Papen, Franz 85, 255–6, 279–81
von Rheinbaben, Werner Freiherr 228
von Schleicher, Kurt 255–6
von Wrochem, Alfred 226
Vorwärts 82, 93, 149, 175
Vossen, Albert 368
Vossische Zeitung 31, 145, 175, 227
Vox Records 133
Wagner, Richard 49, 155, 332–3, 368
Wahrer Jacob 33
war guilt clause 208, 226
War Press Office 200
Wasser für Canitoga 290
Wegener, Paul 107, 272
Wehrmacht 344, 347–9, 356, 364, 373–4
Propaganda Companies 348
Weill, Kurt 291
Weiß, Wilhelm 294
Weiße Sklavinnen 38
Welt am Abend 4, 143, 180, 236
Weltbühne 149
Weltfilm GmbH (see Münzenberg, Willi)
Werkbund 101, 103–4
Werner, Ilse 353
Wessely, Paula 312
Westdeutscher Beobachter 299
Westermanns Monatshefte 149
Westfront 1918 343
Wien Film 277
Winkler, Max 277, 299–300
Wipro (Wirtschaftsstelle der Provinzpresse) 176
Wirth, Joseph 280
Wirtschaftspolitische Gesellschaft 226
Wohlbruck, Adolf 312
Wolff, Theodor 224, 248
Wolff’sche Telegraphen‐Büro 175–7, 195, 199, 228, 251, 296–7, 300
(p.426) Wolgast, Heinrich 67
Wunschkonzert 352–3, 387
Wunschkonzert für die Wehrmacht 356–8, 364
Wuppertal 351
Young Germany Union 197
youth protection:
pre‐1914 63–70
during First World War 70–4
in Weimar Republic 74–82
Zechlin, Walter 229, 251
Zepler, Bogumil 50
Ziegler, Hans Severus 290
Zirkus Renz 369
Zöberlein, Hans 343
Zweig, Arnold 112–13