Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Field and the ForgePopulation, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John Landers

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199279579

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

The Means of Transport

The Means of Transport

(p.72) Chapter Four The Means of Transport
The Field and the Forge

John Landers (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Spatial integration was a prerequisite for both economic growth and political centralisation and its practicability depended on the state of transport and communications. Just as with production, transport and communications technology depended primarily on muscle power and wood, with the important addition of wind power to supplement or replace muscle when moving over water. The fundamental problem for transport technology was one of applying energy to overcome the effects of friction or gravity. Transport costs were made up of a number of elements on top of the basic freight charge per mile and were closely related to journey times because the longer this took, the more food was consumed and the greater the cost of carriage. Other economic and political factors made for substantial variation in the extent and effectiveness of transport and communication networks.

Keywords:   spatial integration, economic growth, political centralisation, transport, communications technology, energy, transport cost, journey time

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .